The Paper Flower – Bougainvillea


The Paper Flower – Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea plants possess remarkable resilience, evident in their thorny, nail-like thorns. During the spring season, these plants showcase a breathtaking array of colors on their fresh, budding growth. If you’re considering planting a bougainvillea in your garden, it’s essential to provide ample space for it to spread and thrive, as some varieties can reach heights of 40 feet.

Bougainvillea is renowned for its vibrant and eye-catching colors. The bracts, which are often mistaken for flowers, come in a wide range of hues, including vibrant pinks, purples, oranges, yellows, and whites. These vivid colors add a captivating touch to any garden or landscape.

Bougainvillea is known for its profuse blooming nature. Its striking, paper-like structures are modified leaves known as bracts. This plant tends to produce a large number of bracts, creating a vibrant and visually striking display. With the right care and conditions, bougainvillea can bloom throughout the year, adding a constant splash of color to the surroundings. These bracts conceal the true flowers, which are small and trumpet-shaped, exhibiting shades of white and yellow. The showy bracts are typically found on new growth, resulting in a magnificent display following the plant’s winter dormancy. Typically, the most vibrant blooms are observed after a dry winter.

Scientific Name Bougainvillea
Common Name Bougainvillea
Plant Type Vine
Light Sun
Height 8 to 20 feet
Width 10 to 40 feet
Flower Color Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow
Foliage Color Blue/Green
Season Features Fall Bloom, Reblooming, Spring Bloom, Summer Bloom
Pros Attracts Birds, Good for Containers, Low Maintenance
Propagation Stem Cuttings
Tolerance Drought Tolerant


To ensure successful cultivation of this amazing plant in your garden, it is essential to bear in mind the following key points:

  1. Bougainvillea needs plenty of sun, keeping the bougainvillea in full sun will keep your plant blooming.
  2. Make sure the ground has well-drained soil; they don’t like to remain wet for too long. This plant likes it dry, so water it less frequently like every three or four weeks.
  3.  This plant performs best when the temperature is at least 60°F, and it tolerates temperatures as high as 95°F.
  4. Add fertilizers having high phosphate content which can help to promote root growth and helps in the blooming of the flower.
  5.  Pruning and maintenance are best done in the fall before a new growth cycle.
  6. While the showy bracts are the main visual attraction of bougainvillea, the plant also produces small trumpet-shaped flowers hidden within the bracts. These flowers attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies, contributing to the overall biodiversity and ecological health of the garden.

Overall, bougainvillea’s stunning colors, drought tolerance, thorny nature, versatility, prolific blooming, and ability to attract pollinators make it a truly remarkable plant to cultivate and enjoy in a garden setting.

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